“Trying to treat dark spots can seem like a vicious cycle. As soon as one fades, another pops up,” says board-certified dermatologist Dr. Adriane Pompa. Sometimes, one that faded is suddenly more prominent, seemingly out of nowhere, but with the right skincare routine, you can successfully reduce the appearance of dark spots and age spots on your own. Here's everything you need to know.
Hyperpigmentation occurs when melanin (the pigment that gives skin colour) is overproduced, creating dark spots on skin that vary in size, colour, and quantity. When a skin cell is attacked by an aggressor, like UV rays, for example, it automatically starts to produce an excessive amount of melanin as a means of self-defence, which can lead to the emergence of dark spots.